Art and Life in Modernist Prague: Karel Čapek and his Generation, 1911-1938 (Palgrave Studies in Cultural and Intellectual History)

In so much modern old writing the image of recent lifestyles in Habsburg valuable Europe is a gloomy story of the failure of rationalism and the increase of protofascist events. This ebook tells a unique tale, targeting the Czech writers and artists distinct via their confident view of the area within the years earlier than WWI.

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In his early life, he had linked himself with this iteration and had undergone his personal decadent and nihilistic levels, espousing at varied moments Satanism, paganism, libertinism, and anarchism. through the 1910s, despite the fact that, he pointed out wholeheartedly with the aspirations of the younger iteration and have become one in every of its most crucial spokesmen. eighty one Later, within the Twenties, Neumann joined the Czechoslovak Communist social gathering and embraced the reason for revolution with, whether it is attainable, much more zeal than any of his prior commitments. yet within the years simply ahead of the 1st global battle, it used to be the aestheticism of the Eighteen Nineties that aroused his maximum ire. “The enemy of recent artwork is much less the intractability and incomprehension of most people than aestheticism,” he declared. “Voilà l’ennemi! ” Czech aestheticism, he wrote, “has been singularly unfruitful. ” The aesthete was once a “hypochondriac and suggest person;” he was once “all temper and no personality. ” easily placed, “he negates existence. ” As an antidote to aestheticist nihilism Neumann prescribed the include of “life itself. ” “Long reside lifestyles! ” he proclaimed. “The devotees of contemporary paintings are the devotees of existence. ”82 Neumann cribbed the word “Long reside lifestyles! ” from a piece of writing on Bergson via the French author Tancrède de Visan that were translated into Czech and released in a single of an important Prague literary journals. eighty three the item summarized a few of Bergson’s vital 10. 1057/9781137077394 - paintings and lifestyles in Modernist Prague, Thomas Ort Copyright fabric from www. palgraveconnect. com - authorized to npg - PalgraveConnect - 2013-09-11 among lifestyles and shape 87 Art and existence in Modernist Prague rules yet its major drawback used to be their software to the venture of literary modernism. If, as Bergson had advised, instinct was once the technique of transcending symbolic illustration and greedy existence in its complete specialty and variability, then it was once additionally essential to discover a technique of speaking intuitive wisdom with out the help of the innovations or symbols that necessarily restricted and falsified existence. Bergson argued new form of proposal used to be had to conquer this problem, a “fluid thought” in a position to tracing the interior lifetime of issues with out decaying into an inert and barren shape. eighty four even if Bergson by no means defined in any aspect how this could be finished, to Visan, the production of a language of “fluid strategies” was once the main to the modernist transformation of literature. His singular target used to be to “transform our language and our pictures, to discover phrases supple sufficient to not deform the basic and profound religious country that we want to show yet to trap it in its stream and make it considerable in its dynamic individuality, in its existence. ”85 Neumann heartily counseled Visan’s examining of Bergson and agreed that, via instinct, it might be attainable to grab carry of lifestyles in its precise fluidity. 86 yet he additionally had a extra particular inspiration of the modernist transformation than the French author. “Modern poetry,” he claimed, “transformed its language principally by way of civilizing it.

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