Category: Social Science

Technology and Society: Building our Sociotechnical Future (Inside Technology)

By Deborah G. Johnson, Jameson M. Wetmore

Technological swap doesn't occur in a vacuum; judgements approximately which applied sciences to increase, fund, marketplace, and use have interaction rules approximately values in addition to calculations of prices and advantages. This anthology specializes in the interconnections of expertise, society, and values. It bargains writings through gurus as various as Freeman Dyson, Laurence Lessig, Bruno Latour, and Judy Wajcman that may introduce readers to contemporary puzzling over know-how and supply them with conceptual instruments, a theoretical framework, and data to aid know the way expertise shapes society and the way society shapes know-how. It deals readers a brand new point of view on such present concerns as globalization, the stability among defense and privateness, environmental justice, and poverty within the constructing international. The cautious ordering of the choices and the editors' introductions provide know-how and Society a coherence and circulation that's strange in anthologies. The booklet is acceptable to be used in undergraduate classes in STS and different disciplines. the decisions start with predictions of the long run that diversity from forecasts of technological utopia to cautionary stories. those are via writings that discover the complexity of sociotechnical platforms, providing an image of the way expertise and society paintings in step, shaping and being formed through each other. eventually, the publication is going again to issues of the longer term, discussing twenty-first-century demanding situations that come with nanotechnology, the function of electorate in technological judgements, and the applied sciences of human enhancement.

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The Coming Population Crash: and Our Planet's Surprising Future

By Fred Pearce

Demography is future. It underlies some of the concerns that shake the realm, from battle and economics to immigration. No ask yourself, then, that fears of overpopulation flared on a regular basis during the last century, a century that observed the world's inhabitants quadruple. Even this day, child booms are blamed for genocide and terrorism, and overpopulation is frequently stated because the fundamental issue using international warming and different environmental issues.

Yet, strangely, it seems that the explosion is prior its height. all over the world, in constructing nations in addition to in wealthy ones, trendy ladies are having on usual 2.6 young children, part the quantity their moms had. inside of a new release, global fertility will most likely stick to Europe's to less than alternative levels—and by means of 2040, the world's inhabitants may be declining for the 1st time because the Black loss of life, virtually seven-hundred years ago.

In The Coming inhabitants Crash, veteran environmental author Fred Pearce unearths the dynamics in the back of this dramatic shift. Charting the demographic direction of our species over 2 hundred years, he starts through chronicling the troubling historical past of authoritarian efforts to include the 20th century's inhabitants explosion, in addition to the global development towards the empowerment of girls that ended in decrease birthrates. after which, with shiny reporting from world wide, he dives into the environmental, social, and fiscal results of our spectacular demographic future.

Now is likely one of the final time in heritage that our global will carry extra adolescents than elders. such a lot worry that an getting older international inhabitants will placed a major drain on nationwide assets, as a shrinking operating inhabitants helps an increasing number of retirees. yet is that this unavoidably so? may well an older international inhabitants have an upside? Pearce additionally exhibits us why our demographic destiny holds elevated migration charges, and divulges the hypocrisy on the center of anti-immigrant rhetoric within the constructed global: the straightforward truth is that nations with reduce birthrates want staff and international locations with better birthrates desire paintings. And he tackles the truism that inhabitants density continuously ends up in environmental degradation, taking us from many of the world's such a lot densely packed city slums to rural Africa to argue that underpopulation can occasionally be the reason for environmental woes, whereas towns may well carry the most important to sustainable living.

Pearce's provocative e-book is key analyzing for someone who desires to understand what demographics let us know approximately our international destiny, and for all those that think in studying from the error of the prior.

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The Routledge International Handbook of the Crimes of the Powerful (Routledge International Handbooks)

Across the realm, most folks are good conscious of traditional legal harms to individual and estate. frequently devoted via the powerless and negative, those individualized crimes are catalogued within the information gathered each year by way of the FBI and by way of related organizations in different constructed international locations. against this, the extra destructive and systemic types of damage to individual and estate devoted by means of robust and filthy rich contributors, teams, and nationwide states are neither calculated by way of governmental organizations nor each year pronounced by way of the mass media. therefore, such a lot electorate of the realm are blind to the routinized "crimes of the powerful", even if they're likely to adventure harms and accidents from some of these geared up offenses than they're from the atomized offenses of the powerless.

Research at the crimes of the strong brings jointly a number of parts of criminological concentration, regarding organizational and institutional networks of robust people who devote crimes opposed to employees, marketplaces, taxpayers and political platforms, in addition to acts of torture, terrorism, and genocide. This foreign instruction manual deals a finished, authoritative and structural synthesis of those interrelated subject matters of criminological problem. It additionally explains why the crimes of the robust are so tough to control.

Edited via across the world acclaimed criminologist Gregg Barak, this ebook displays the state-of-the-art of scholarly examine, overlaying the entire key components together with company, international, environmental, and nation crimes. The instruction manual is an ideal source for college kids and researchers engaged with explaining and controlling the crimes of the strong, regionally and across the world.

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The Psychopath Test: A Journey Through the Madness Industry

By Jon Ronson

They are saying one out of each hundred humans is a psychopath. you most likely handed one in the street at the present time. those are those who haven't any empathy, who're manipulative, deceitful, captivating, seductive, and delusional. The Psychopath Test is the New York Times bestselling exploration in their global and the insanity industry.

When Jon Ronson is drawn into an problematic hoax performed on a few of the world’s most sensible scientists, his research leads him, suddenly, to psychopaths. He meets an influential psychologist who's confident that many vital enterprise leaders and politicians are in reality high-flying, high-functioning psychopaths, and teaches Ronson easy methods to spot them. Armed with those new skills, Ronson meets a sufferer within an asylum for the criminally insane who insists that he’s sane, a trifling run-of-the-mill bothered adolescence, now not a psychopath—a declare that will be purely manipulation, and an indication of his psychopathy. He spends time with a death-squad chief institutionalized for personal loan fraud, and with a mythical CEO who took pleasure in shutting down factories and firing humans. He delves into the attention-grabbing historical past of psychopathy analysis and coverings, from LSD-fueled days-long bare treatment periods in prisons to makes an attempt to appreciate serial killers.

Along the way in which, Ronson discovers that rather usual individuals are, an increasing number of, outlined through their such a lot insane edges. The Psychopath Test is an interesting experience in the course of the minds of insanity.

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Geographic Thought: A Critical Introduction

By Tim Cresswell

This enticing and available advent to geographic concept explores the most important thinkers and key theoretical advancements within the box of human geography.

  • Covers the whole diversity of the improvement of theoretical wisdom of the sector, from historical geography to modern non-representational theory
  • Presents theories in an obtainable demeanour throughout the author's enticing writing style
  • Examines the impression of Darwin and Marx, the emergence of anarchist geographies, the impression of feminism, and myriad different vital our bodies of thought
  • Stresses the significance of geographic idea and its relevance to our knowing of what it truly is to be human, and to the folks, locations, and cultures of the area during which we live

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Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us

By Robert D. Hare

Most individuals are either repelled and intrigued via the photographs of cold-blooded, conscienceless murderers that more and more populate our video clips, tv courses, and newspaper headlines. With their flagrant felony violation of society's ideas, serial killers like Ted Bundy and John Wayne Gacy are one of the so much dramatic examples of the psychopath. people with this character affliction are totally conscious of the results in their activities and comprehend the adaptation among correct and unsuitable, but they're terrifyingly self-centered, remorseless, and not able to care in regards to the emotions of others. might be so much scary, they typically look thoroughly common to unsuspecting targets--and they don't continuously ply their exchange by means of killing. providing a compelling portrait of those harmful males and girls in response to 25 years of individual clinical examine, Dr. Robert D. Hare vividly describes an international of con artists, hustlers, rapists, and different predators who appeal, lie, and manage their approach via existence. Are psychopaths mad, or just undesirable? How can they be well-known? and the way will we shield ourselves? This e-book offers strong details and unbelievable insights for someone looking to comprehend this devastating .

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Knowing Capitalism (Published in association with Theory, Culture & Society)

`This is an bold, unique, and complicated therapy of key points of up to date capitalism. It makes a tremendous contribution since it profoundly destabilizes the scholarship on globalization, the so-called new economic climate, details expertise, specified modern enterprise cultures and practices' - Saskia Sassen, writer of Globalization and its Discontents

`Nigel Thrift bargains us this kind of cultural research of worldwide capitalism that has lengthy been wanted - person who emphasizes the cutting edge strength of worldwide capitalism. The booklet avoids stale denouncements and gives as a substitute a view of capitalism as a sort of perform' - Karin Knorr Cetina, Professor of Sociology, collage of Konstanz, Germany

Capitalism is widely known for generating a kind of lifestyles the place `everything reliable melts into air'. yet what occurs whilst capitalism develops theories approximately itself? Are we stepping into a during which capitalism should be stated to own a brain?

These questions are pursued during this glowing and thought-provoking publication. Thrift seems at what he calls "the cultural circuit of capitalism," the mechanism for producing new theories of capitalism. The e-book lines the increase of this circuit again to the Nineteen Sixties while a chain of associations locked jointly to interrogate capitalism, to the current day, while those associations are relocating out to the Pacific basin and past. What have those theories produced? How have they been implicated within the speculative bubbles that characterised the overdue 20th century? What half have they performed in constructing our realizing of human relations?

Building on an inter-disciplinary method which embraces the middle social sciences, Thrift outlines a thrilling new idea for realizing capitalism. His booklet is of curiosity to readers in Geography, Social thought, Antrhopology and Cultural Economics.

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Behind the Shock Machine: The Untold Story of the Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments

By Gina Perry

When social psychologist Stanley Milgram invited volunteers to participate in an test at Yale in the summertime of 1961, not one of the contributors can have foreseen the global sensation that the broadcast effects could reason. Milgram stated that absolutely sixty five percentage of the volunteers had time and again administered electrical shocks of accelerating energy to a guy they believed to be in serious discomfort, even discomfort a life-threatening center , just because an expert determine had advised them to take action. Such habit was once associated with atrocities dedicated via traditional humans below the Nazi regime and instantly gripped the general public mind's eye. The experiments stay a resource of controversy and fascination greater than fifty years later.

In Behind the surprise Machine, psychologist and writer Gina Perry reveals for the 1st time the complete tale of this debatable scan and its startling repercussions. Interviewing the unique participants—many of whom stay haunted to today approximately what they did—and delving deep into Milgram’s own archive, she items jointly a extra advanced photo and lots more and plenty extra troubling photograph of those experiments than used to be initially offered by means of Milgram. Uncovering the main points of the experiments leads her to question the validity of that sixty five percentage statistic and the claims that it published anything crucial approximately human nature. Fleshed out with dramatic transcripts of the exams themselves, the booklet places a human face at the unwitting those that confronted the ethical try out of the surprise desktop and provides a gripping, unforgettable story of 1 man’s ambition and an test that outlined a generation.

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Forces of Habit: Drugs and the Making of the Modern World

By David T. Courtwright

What drives the drug exchange, and the way has it end up what it really is at the present time? a world historical past of the purchase of increasingly more effective technique of changing usual waking cognizance, this ebook is the 1st to supply the massive photo of the invention, interchange, and exploitation of the planet's psychoactive assets, from tea and kola to opiates and amphetamines.

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