The Atlantic Slave Trade

By Philip D. Curtin

Curtin combines glossy learn and statistical equipment together with his large wisdom of the sector to give the 1st book-length quantitative research of the Atlantic slave exchange. Its easy facts indicates revision of at the moment held critiques in regards to the position of the slave exchange within the economies of the previous international international locations and their American colonies.

“Curtin’s paintings won't simply be the place to begin for all destiny study at the slave alternate and comparative slavery, yet turns into an necessary reference for someone attracted to Afro-American studies.”—Journal of yankee History

“Curtin has produced a stimulating monograph, the manufactured from immaculate scholarship, opposed to which all previous and destiny experiences should be judged.”—Journal of yankee Studies

“Professor Curtin’s new booklet is as much as his wide-spread common of functionality: in the limits he set for himself, The Atlantic Slave exchange may not often be a greater or extra vital book.”—American historic Review

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Review

“Curtin has written a brilliantly provocative publication that are meant to bring about a number of new inquiries.”—Hispanic American ancient Review

About the Author

Philip D. Curtin (1922-2009) was once writer of a dead ringer for Africa and Jamaicas. He edited Africa Remembered, a suite of narratives via former slaves and others occupied with the slave alternate. He was once a member of the dept of heritage on the college of Wisconsin from 1956-1975. From 1975 until eventually the time of his loss of life, he was once a member of the college of Johns Hopkins college.

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Zero different West Africa Zape five four 6. zero four. eight Terra Nova 1 1. 2 four 4·8 2 2 eighty three 2. four 2. four a hundred. zero* significant and southern Africa Manicongo Mozambique overall 1549 1 14 6 nine Tukulor (Senegal Valley) Wolof (Senegal) Serer (Senegal) MaHnke (Gambia Valley) Kassanga (Casamance and GuineaBissau) Bram, Gola, or Burama (GuineaBissau) Biafada (Guinea-Bissau) Banyun (Guinea-Bissau) Landuma, Baga, Temne, and comparable peoples (coastal Sierra Leone) japanese Guinea coast ordinarily (? ) Bakongo (lower Congo Valley) Southeastern Mrica typically * possibilities were rounded. resource: information from Aguirre Beltrlin, Poblacian negra, pp. 244-45. The numbers are too small to be statistically potential taken on my own, yet desk 27 indicates a neighborhood distribution remarkably just like that of the Peruvian pattern. 2 The Senegambia, for instance, contributed 36 in keeping with cent to the Mexican pattern and 38 in keeping with cent to two. the unique textual content is released in H. Cortes, Documentos iru3ditos relativos a Hernan Cortes (MexiCO, D. F. , 1935), pp. 242-78. The 15th, 16th, and 17th Centuries ninety nine the Peruvian. the complete "Guinea of Cape Verde" supplied seventy four according to cent for Peru and 88 consistent with cent for Mexico. the rest of either samples used to be drawn from scattered resources alongside the coast of West, valuable, or even southeast Mrica, with out staff accounting for greater than 6 in keeping with cent of both pattern. those similarities argue that either samples needs to symbolize a greater statistical photograph of the Spanish-American slave imports of the former a long time than their numbers by myself recommend. consequently, it's attainable to enhance speculatively one extra step and mix the 2 samples as if they have been one. (See desk 28. ) This mixed sampl1e could then signify the distribution of resources for the total slave exchange flowing to Spanish the US, and in addition to Europe, Madeira, the Canaries, and the Cape Verde Islands; and this illustration might be legitimate for about the quarter-century, 152~0. With this a lot details, you can actually additionally undertaking a potential price of circulation from a number of areas of Mrica. Loss in transit can have been excessive, possibly as excessive as 25 according to cent. The estimates of annual circulation to Europe (300), the Atlantic Islands (200), and Spanish the USA ( 500) for that reason recommend an annual export in those branches of the slave alternate in the community of 1,300 slaves a 12 months. the ensuing drain of inhabitants for this a part of the exchange, through ethnic crew and area, is represented on desk 28. even though this projection might sound far-gone within the realm of hypothesis, another step will be taken. desk 28 represents in simple terms the exchange flowing to the Caribbean and issues north. Brazil was once now not but uploading slaves, yet Sao Thome was once an immense uploading territory, whose slaves have been not likely to have come from the far away coasts of the Senegambia. Annual exports from Angola to Sao Thome in approximately 1530 have been, certainly, stated at a degree of 4 to 5 thousand a yr. s whereas this determine is way too excessive to were sustained for an entire quarter-century, it helps the estimate that Sao Thome used to be the biggest unmarried importer of slaves at this era.

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